Slipcovers in cotton chintz, matching the summer curtains, would serve a dual purpose. They would protect the more expensive damask upholstery fabrics on all of the Drawing Room furniture from fading, and they would also protect the good upholstery from dirt for half the year, while imparting a fresh, summery, floral look to the room.
In the fall, heavier winter drapes would be hung, replacing the light weight chintz curtains, and the matching chintz slip covers would be taken away to be washed and stored, and the stoves and stovepipes once more would be reinstalled in the house.
Heavy winter weight curtains would not only block sunlight, but were necessary to block cold draughts, and keep heat in the rooms. Suitable fabrics for winter-weight curtains would include ‘moreen’ which was a woolen fabric that had been embossed, through heat and pressure, with a attractive moiré, or ‘watered’ effect. ‘Moreen’ was widely available and relatively inexpensive.
The other pieces of hardware were brackets to hold the ends of roller blinds to the window frame.
Curtains in period homes looked the way they do because of a variety of factors. Availability and type of fabrics; available budget of the homeowner; practical reasons for the use of curtains (privacy, light control, heat control), the method of construction (hand sewing); hanging (rings, pulley tracks) and attractive design, all combine to give a distinctive appearance to every age.
Early Victorian curtains combine simpler hanging techniques with a great need for preventing fading of valuable home furnishings. As curtain design develops through late Victoria and into the simpler Arts & Crafts time periods, curtain design changes in each period, aligning itself with the changing fabrics, taste and requirements of each age.